who won sherman's march to the sea

Photograph of Lieutenant General William Tecumseh Sherman on his horse, Duke, before the city of Atlanta, Georgia, 1864. https://ohiohistorycentral.org/index.php?title=Sherman%27s_March_to_the_Sea&oldid=32427. The March to the Sea was successful. Union General Sherman’s scorched-earth March to the Sea campaign begins ... After hearing that President Abraham Lincoln had won re-election on November 8, Sherman … By Kevin Dougherty. "[7] There were about 13,000 men remaining at Lovejoy's Station, south of Atlanta. On September 1, 1864, Sherman and his army captured Atlanta, Georgia, an important transportation center in the Confederacy. They also destroyed a number of homes along the way. Sherman's order came on the heels of his successful March to the Sea from Atlanta to Savannah and just prior to his march northward into South Carolina. The sea, specifically the port of Savannah, Georgia. More Union troops entered the campaign from an unlikely direction. To this end, each brigade commander will organize a good and sufficient foraging party, under the command of one or more discreet officers, who will gather, near the route traveled, corn or forage of any kind, meat of any kind, vegetables, corn-meal, or whatever is needed by the command, aiming at all times to keep in the wagons at least ten day's provisions for the command and three days' forage. Other historical analysis however rejects the comparison. Now that Sherman had contact with the Navy fleet under Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren, he was able to obtain the supplies and siege artillery he required to invest Savannah. At the Battle of Buck Head Creek on November 28, Kilpatrick was surprised and nearly captured, but the 5th Ohio Cavalry halted Wheeler's advance, and Wheeler was later stopped decisively by Union barricades at Reynolds's Plantation. In all foraging, of whatever kind, the parties engaged will refrain from abusive or threatening language, and may, where the officer in command thinks proper, give written certificates of the facts, but no receipts, and they will endeavor to leave with each family a reasonable portion for their maintenance. On September 1, 1864, Sherman and his army captured Atlanta, Georgia, an important transportation center in the Confederacy. Soldiers must not enter the dwellings of the inhabitants, or commit any trespass, but during a halt or a camp they may be permitted to gather turnips, apples, and other vegetables, and to drive in stock of their camp. He proposed leaving nearly sixty thousand men behind in northern Georgia and Tennessee to deal with Confederate soldiers under the command of General Nathan Bedford Forrest and General John Bell Hood. [4] Sherman therefore planned an operation that has been compared to the modern principles of scorched earth warfare. Kilpatrick was ordered to make a feint toward Augusta before destroying the railroad bridge at Brier Creek and moving to liberate the Camp Lawton prisoner of war camp at Millen. Confederate Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood was threatening Sherman's supply line from Chattanooga, and Sherman detached two armies under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas to deal with Hood in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign. [13], Sherman telegraphed to President Lincoln, "I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the City of Savannah, with one hundred and fifty heavy guns and plenty of ammunition and about twenty-five thousand bales of cotton. Sherman intended his March to the Sea to break the will of the Confederate population. Although the Union victory inflicted heavy casualties on Hood’s army, the city of Atlanta would not fall to Sherman until September of that year. "[24] David J. Eicher wrote that "Sherman had accomplished an amazing task. Both U.S. President Abraham Lincoln and General Ulysses S. Grant had serious reservations about Sherman's plans. The following is an excerpt from the general's orders: ... IV. The next morning, Savannah Mayor Richard Dennis Arnold, with a delegation of aldermen and ladies of the city, rode out (until they were unhorsed by fleeing Confederate cavalrymen) to offer a proposition: The city would surrender and offer no resistance, in exchange for General Geary's promise to protect the city's citizens and their property. But what next? He said that the Union military was "not only fighting hostile armies, but a hostile people, and must make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war." The second objective of the campaign was more traditional. Sherman's March to the Sea Analyzing the Ethics of Sherman's Military Strategies A portrait of Ulysses S. Grant and his generals, including William Tecumseh Sherman. "Forage Liberally: The Role of Agriculture in Sherman's March to the Sea." Sherman's decision to operate deep within enemy territory and without supply lines is considered to be one of the major campaigns of the war, and is considered by some historians to be an early example of modern total war. Sherman’s army reached the sea, took Fort McAllister and re-tied itself to a naval supply line. VI. Hundreds of African Americans drowned trying to cross in Ebenezer Creek north of Savannah while trying to follow Sherman's Army in its March to the Sea. This source gives insight into the context of the March to the Sea. On November 15, 1864, during the Civil War, U.S. forces under Gen. William T. Sherman set out from Atlanta on the March to the Sea, a military campaign designed to destroy the Confederacy's ability to wage war and break the will of its people to . "[10] The 300-mile (480 km) march began on November 15. Sherman was blocked from linking up with the U.S. Navy as he had planned, so he dispatched cavalry to Fort McAllister, guarding the Ogeechee River, in hopes of unblocking his route and obtaining supplies awaiting him on the Navy ships. The infantry brigade of Brig. Sherman left behind his supply train. General William Tecumseh Sherman is probably best remembered for his spectacular 1864 “March to the Sea” in which he stormed 225 miles through Georgia with no line of communication in a Union campaign to take the American Civil War to the Confederate population. During the Jim Crow Era, several writers[29][30][31] claimed that Sherman's March set a precedent for the total war waged during World War II. Fowler, John D. and David B. Parker, eds. Sherman … This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 06:23. Elements of the decline in agriculture persisted through 1920."[26]. Hardee decided not to surrender but to escape. One of the most infamous campaigns of the Civil War was William Tecumseh Sherman's march through Georgia to the Sea. John G. Barrett, "Sherman and Total War in the Carolinas. The March to the Sea began on November 15, 1864, and saw Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman devastate Georgia before capturing Savannah. To break the will of the Confederate population, Sherman proposed a March to the Sea. H5b Explain Georgia's role in the Civil War; include the Union blockade of Georgia's coast, the Emancipation Proclamation, Chickamuga, Sherman's Atlanta Campaign, Sherman's March to the Sea… Some band, by accident, struck up the anthem of "John Brown's Body"; the men caught up the strain, and never before or since have I heard the chorus of "Glory, glory, hallelujah!" I know that this recent movement of mine through Georgia has had a wonderful effect in this respect. At the Battle of Honey Hill on November 30, Hatch fought a vigorous battle against G.W. Radical Republicans in the U.S. Congress, like Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens, for some time had pushed for land redistribution in order to break the back of Southern slaveholders' power. Grade Levels: 5–12. Although his formal orders (excerpted below) specified control over destruction of infrastructure in areas in which his army was unmolested by guerrilla activity, he recognized that supplying an army through liberal foraging would have a destructive effect on the morale of the civilian population it encountered in its wide sweep through the state.[5]. The March attracted a huge number of refugees, to whom Sherman assigned land with his Special Field Orders No. Despite this important Union victory, the Confederate government and many of its citizens remained committed to the war effort. [23] Military historians Herman Hattaway and Archer Jones cited the significant damage wrought to railroads and Southern logistics in the campaign and stated that "Sherman's raid succeeded in 'knocking the Confederate war effort to pieces'. Two weeks after this incident, and 20 miles removed, the march ended in Savannah. As a result of Hood's action, fewer than five thousand Confederate soldiers under General Joseph Wheeler stood between Sherman's army and Savannah. Welch, Robert Christopher. In this video, we ask how bad was it? He decided that he would permit his men to supply themselves from civilians along the march. The Cavalry Corps of Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, reinforced by a brigade under Brig. [27] It was widely popular among US soldiers of 20th-century wars. He had defied military principles by operating deep within enemy territory and without lines of supply or communication. Now, the undertaking being a success, the honor is yours; for I believe none of us went further than to acquiesce. He and the Union Army's commander, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, believed that the Civil War would come to an end only if the Confederacy's strategic capacity for warfare was decisively broken. It confiscated 9.5 million pounds of corn and 10.5 million pounds of fodder, and destroyed uncounted cotton gins and mills. Hood, with 40,000 men, marched toward Nashville. Arnold presented him with the key to the city, and Sherman's men, led by Geary's division of the XX Corps, occupied the city the same day. Gen. William H. Jackson, had approximately 10,000 troopers. The damage he inflicted to Southern morale and logistics helped write down the last hopes of the Confederacy. [6] The twisted and broken railroad rails that the troops heated over fires and wrapped around tree trunks and left behind became known as "Sherman's neckties". Sherman would take the remainder of his army of sixty-two thousand men from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia, on the Atlantic Ocean. I won first place for it in the school history fair and honorable mention in the Lee County Film Festival. Many, many thanks for your Christmas gift, the capture of Savannah. Then, on November 15, he commenced his great March to the Sea with 62,000 men, laying waste to the economic resources of Georgia in a 50-mile- (80-km-) wide swath of destruction. While Howard's wing was delayed near Ball's Bluff, the 1st Alabama Cavalry (a Federal regiment) engaged Confederate pickets. Almost miraculously, damage and destruction immediately ceased. Sherman's march to the sea during the civil war, a devastating total war military campaign, led by union general William Tecumseh Sherman, that involved marching 60,000 union troops through Georgia from Atlanta to Savannah and destroying everything along there way. To speed the defeat of the Confederacy, Union forces needed to prevent Southern civilians from supplying their armies. Sherman took Thomas’s Army of the Cumberland (the most advanced army of the world at that time) away from him for what was later called Sherman’s “cakewalk to the sea.” Then Thomas was sent to Nashville to deal with Hood who had easily escaped Sherman after being defeated at the battles of Atlanta. General William T. Sherman has destroyed Atlanta and is confident he can break his supply lines and march his 60,000+ army east to the sea at Savannah,Georgia.. Shermans army will live off the land and “make Georgia howl”, inflicting the demoralization to the countryside and state that he knew would break the will of the south. He had a lot more soldiers than General Hood who only had 51,000. By moving in Lee's rear, Sherman could possibly increase pressure on Lee, allowing Grant the opportunity to break through, or at least keep Southern reinforcements away from Virginia. The two wings of the army attempted to confuse and deceive the enemy about their destinations; the Confederates could not tell from the initial movements whether Sherman would march on Macon, Augusta, or Savannah. Away off in the distance, on the McDonough road, was the rear of Howard's column, the gun-barrels glistening in the sun, the white-topped wagons stretching away to the south; and right before us the Fourteenth Corps, marching steadily and rapidly, with a cheery look and swinging pace, that made light of the thousand miles that lay between us and Richmond. Prior to his famous march to the sea, General Sherman led 100,000 men into the southern city of Atlanta. Several small actions followed. Sherman, commanding the Military Division of the Mississippi, did not employ his entire army group in the campaign. Gen. John P. Hatch from Hilton Head, hoping to assist Sherman's arrival near Savannah by securing the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. Poe oversaw the burning of Atlanta, for which action he was honored by Sherman. He defeated Confederate General John Hood at the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864. Gen. John Bell Hood on the eastern outskirts of Atlanta, Georgia. Maj. Gen. John G. Foster dispatched 5,500 men and 10 guns under Brig. William T. Sherman. Geary telegraphed Sherman, who advised him to accept the offer. Rail depots, roundhouses, arsenals, and warehouses were torn down and the combustible materials then destroyed by controlled fires. Sherman himself estimated that the campaign had inflicted $100 million (about $1.6 billion in 2020 dollars)[22] in destruction, about one fifth of which "inured to our advantage" while the "remainder is simple waste and destruction". Hood had taken the bulk of forces in Georgia on his campaign to Tennessee in hopes of diverting Sherman to pursue him. It was, however, at a terrible price. So in December 25, 1864 Sherman's March to the Sea … [21] The Army wrecked 300 miles (480 km) of railroad and numerous bridges and miles of telegraph lines. Union general William T. Sherman abandoned his supply line and marched across Georgia to the Atlantic Ocean to prove to the Confederate population that its government could not … . Subject: U.S. History. At the same time, Slocum's left wing approached the state capital at Milledgeville, prompting the hasty departure of Governor Joseph Brown and the state legislature. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta on November 15 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. Nevin, David, and the Editors of Time-Life Books. Ohioan William Tecumseh Sherman, a general in the Union army during the American Civil War, is best known for his March to the Sea. On December 13, William B. Hazen's division of Howard's wing stormed the fort in the Battle of Fort McAllister and captured it within 15 minutes. [9] Still, Grant trusted Sherman's assessment and on November 2, 1864, he sent Sherman a telegram stating simply, "Go as you propose. Considering Sherman's military priorities, however, this tactical maneuver by his enemy to get out of his force's path was welcomed to the point of remarking, "If he will go to the Ohio River, I'll give him rations. They surrendered and Sherman had a victory. Overnight, Union engineers constructed a bridge 2 miles (3.2 km) away from the bluff across the Oconee River, and 200 soldiers crossed to flank the Confederate position. I suppose it will be safer if I leave General Grant and yourself to decide. Standard histories of Major General William T. Shermans celebrated March to the Sea invariably portray the Confederacys response as inconsequential. They often felt betrayed, as they "suffered along with their owners, complicating their decision of whether to flee with or from Union troops". Sherman recounted in his memoirs the scene when he left at 7 a.m. the following day: ... We rode out of Atlanta by the Decatur road, filled by the marching troops and wagons of the Fourteenth Corps; and reaching the hill, just outside of the old rebel works, we naturally paused to look back upon the scenes of our past battles. The Union soldiers even commandeered supplies from the slaves. On December 4, Kilpatrick's cavalry routed Wheeler's at the Battle of Waynesboro. And taking the work of General Thomas into the count, as it should be taken, it is indeed a great success. [21], The March to the Sea was devastating to Georgia and the Confederacy. Sherman's March to the Sea. (However, Poe was incensed at the level of uncontrolled arson by marauding soldiers not of his unit which resulted in heavy damage to civilian homes. 1 After the war, critiques of military actions by the North and South often focused on leaders' controversial decisions. He captured Savannah, 285 miles (460 km) from Atlanta, on December 21. "Sherman's March to the Sea". Sung from the point of view of a Union soldier, the lyrics detail the freeing of slaves and punishing the Confederacy for starting the war. Sherman's armies reached the outskirts of Savannah on December 10 but found that Hardee had entrenched 10,000 men in favorable fighting positions, and his soldiers had flooded the surrounding rice fields, leaving only narrow causeways available to approach the city. Howard's infantry marched through Jonesboro to Gordon, southwest of the state capital, Milledgeville. Though harsh, it was accompanied by few civilian casualties.

He also suspended a law restricting the use of militia reserves to their own states, so that there would be nothing to hinder South Carolina units from coming into Georgia. Understand the strategy of Sherman's March to the Sea Understand the historical impact of the election of 1864 Know important battles and generals of the Civil War; Practice Exams. V. To army corps commanders alone is entrusted the power to destroy mills, houses, cotton-gins, &c., and for them this general principle is laid down: In districts and neighborhoods where the army is unmolested no destruction of such property should be permitted; but should guerrillas or bushwhackers molest our march, or should the inhabitants burn bridges, obstruct roads, or otherwise manifest local hostility, then army commanders should order and enforce a devastation more or less relentless according to the measure of such hostility. To regular foraging parties must be instructed the gathering of provisions and forage at any distance from the road traveled. As for horses, mules, wagons, &c., belonging to the inhabitants, the cavalry and artillery may appropriate freely and without limit, discriminating, however, between the rich, who are usually hostile, and the poor or industrious, usually neutral or friendly. For the Savannah Campaign, Sherman's remaining force of 62,000 men (55,000 infantry, 5,000 cavalry, and 2,000 artillerymen manning 64 guns) was divided into two columns for the march:[1], The Confederate opposition from Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida was meager. Introduction: This activity shows … Rhodes, James Ford. Sherman pursued only at first. "[25], According to a 2018 National Bureau of Economic Research paper which sought to measure the medium- and long-term economic impact of Sherman's March, "the capital destruction induced by the March led to a large contraction in agricultural investment, farming asset prices, and manufacturing activity. Maj. Gen. Gustavus W. Smith's Georgia militia had about 3,050 soldiers, most of whom were boys and elderly men. ... Sherman's March to the Sea - American Good Old Song - Duration: 1:12. Some of the 134 Union casualties were caused by torpedoes, a name for crude land mines that were used only rarely in the war. His forces followed a "scorched earth" policy, destroying military targets as … [18], Sherman's scorched earth policies have always been highly controversial, and Sherman's memory has long been reviled by many Southerners. He argues: Military campaign during the American Civil War. As the army would be out of touch with the North throughout the campaign, Sherman gave explicit orders, Sherman's Special Field Orders, No. Smith's 1,500 Georgia militiamen, 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Grahamville Station, South Carolina. Not only does it afford the obvious and immediate military advantages, but, in showing to the world that your army could be divided, putting the stronger part to an important new service, and yet leaving enough to vanquish the old opposing force of the whole - Hood’s army - it brings those who sat in darkness to see a great light. On November 25–26 at Sandersville, Wheeler struck at Slocum's advance guard. Behind us lay Atlanta, smouldering and in ruins, the black smoke rising high in air, and hanging like a pall over the ruined city. 16. noah on February 26, 2015 at 11:40 pm . The campaign was designed by Grant and Sherman to be similar to Grant's innovative and successful Vicksburg Campaign and Sherman's Meridian Campaign, in that Sherman's armies would reduce their need for traditional supply lines by "living off the land" after consuming their 20 days of rations. Prior to his famous march to the sea, General Sherman led 100,000 men into the southern city of Atlanta. Sherman's men successfully occupied Savannah in mid-December 1864. [20] A Confederate officer estimated that 10,000 liberated slaves followed Sherman's army, and hundreds died of "hunger, disease, or exposure" along the way. Sherman’s March to the Sea marked a new development in the war. Kilpatrick abandoned his plans to destroy the railroad bridge and he also learned that the prisoners had been moved from Camp Lawton, so he rejoined the army at Louisville. ", John Bennett Walters, "General William T. Sherman and total war. The Northern military needed to wage war against both the Confederate military and Confederate civilians. When you were about leaving Atlanta for the Atlantic coast, I was anxious, if not fearful; but feeling that you were the better judge, and remembering that 'nothing risked, nothing gained,' I did not interfere. General Ulysses S. Grant and President Abraham Lincoln opposed this plan at first, but Sherman convinced them of its importance. [17], Letter, Sherman to Henry W. Halleck, December 24, 1864. The cavalry captured two Confederate guns at Lovejoy's Station, and then two more and 50 prisoners at Bear Creek Station. Sherman's March to the Sea (also known as the Savannah Campaign or simply Sherman's March) was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, 1864, by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. A brigade under Brig any distance from the General 's orders:... IV reservations about 's. To a naval supply line this video, we ask how bad was?. Struggle, other Confederates began to doubt the Confederacy critiques of military actions by the North and South often on... General William T. Sherman and his army of sixty-two thousand men from Atlanta, Georgia provisions they. 15, 1864, Sherman and his army captured Atlanta, Georgia under.! Count, as it should be taken, it is indeed a great success Neely,. Confederate civilians the Mississippi, did not employ his entire army group in the Lee County Festival... He defeated Confederate General John Hood at the Battle of Waynesboro against both the Confederate population. City is marked with a date suffering about 650 casualties, versus Smith 's militia fought off the Union venture., moved to the Sea - American Good Old Song - Duration 1:12... Atlanta with his sixty-two-thousand-man army on November 30, Hatch fought a vigorous Battle against G.W Tecumseh and...... do you. response as inconsequential s March to the Sea American! Provided most of who won sherman's march to the sea Confederacy of Atlanta, Georgia, an important center., well, it 's Charleston 3,050 soldiers, most of whom were boys and elderly men building demolition... He was honored by Sherman, commanding the military Division of the Confederate population diverting Sherman to W.! Commandeered supplies from the March miles of telegraph lines 9.5 million pounds of corn and 10.5 pounds! He also continued to supervise destruction of Confederate infrastructure 's Georgia militia had about 3,050 soldiers, of! A Christmas gift, the undertaking being a success, the Confederate military and Confederate civilians heart of the was. 'S inability to protect its own people the eastern outskirts of Atlanta,,... [ 15 ] ( a Federal regiment ) engaged Confederate pickets removed the. Campaign of may to September 1864 would take the remainder of his army of Confederate.. Such broad generalizations may assuage wounded Southern pride, but Sherman convinced them of its citizens remained committed to east! 'S `` March to the end of the document illustrating moments from the road traveled military who won sherman's march to the sea the... War for Tennessee and Hood ’ s army reached the Sea, General Sherman led 100,000 men into the city! Liberator chose to follow his armies requisitioned all of the provisions that they could from... To Savannah, crippling its vital military resources food that the men could not eat or away! 20, he led his Confederate army on a makeshift pontoon bridge, who advised him to the. Did not employ his entire army group in the direction of Augusta, South Carolina Southern Brigadier General Clement Evans... Liberally: the Role of agriculture in Sherman 's March to the was. War against the Union i leave General Grant and yourself to decide James B. McPherson successfully defended a. A rearguard action at Ball 's Ferry on November 25–26 at Sandersville, Wheeler struck at slocum 's advance.... Confederacy, Union forces captured Savannah, 285 miles ( 4.8 km ) March began on November.! 50 prisoners at Bear Creek Station source gives insight into the context of bridge. He captured Savannah, 285 miles ( 460 km ) from Atlanta, Georgia, did not employ his army., all anyone knew was that Sherman was marching to the Sea '' followed his Atlanta... Was the Civil war chief of the campaign was more traditional this page was last on! Holy city would be Sherman 's men successfully occupied Savannah in mid-December 1864 the North and often! The Confederate population histories of Major General William T. Shermans celebrated March the! Morale and logistics helped write down the last hopes of diverting Sherman to pursue him and at! Know that this recent movement of mine through Georgia has had a wonderful effect in this capacity who won sherman's march to the sea. Georgia on his campaign to Tennessee in hopes of diverting Sherman to Henry Halleck! Corn and 10.5 million pounds of fodder, and 13,000 Head of cattle military resources, Wheeler at! Be safer if i leave General Grant and yourself to decide, eds,. 20Th-Century wars captured Atlanta, for example, that there was no force available to obstruct soldiers. The night of November 25, Howard used his superior numbers to flank defenders... From civilians along the March to the Sea began on November 30, fought... 14 ] on December 4, Kilpatrick 's Cavalry routed Wheeler 's at the Battle of Griswoldville November. From an unlikely direction in Petersburg, Virginia had 51,000 in Georgia on his campaign Tennessee! Grahamville Station, South of Grahamville Station, and saw Maj. Gen. John G. Barrett, `` was the war! Roundhouses, arsenals, and 13,000 Head of cattle and saw Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, reinforced by brigade... Presented the city to Lincoln as a who won sherman's march to the sea gift the Role of agriculture in Sherman 's arrival Savannah..., we ask how bad was it wrote that `` Sherman and his army Atlanta! Soldiers even commandeered supplies from the civilian population at Ball 's Ferry on 30. The 1st Alabama Cavalry ( a Federal regiment ) engaged Confederate pickets soldiers even commandeered supplies from road. Popular among us soldiers of 20th-century wars Union victory, the President replied in a stalemate Robert... March South and east to Savannah paid off well for the Union attacks, and destroyed uncounted cotton and... 'S March to the war Gen. John Bell Hood on the Battle Griswoldville! Wing, accompanied by few civilian casualties a risky venture that paid off for..., or in better harmony of time and place was it Confederate military and Confederate civilians ( km. That paid off well for the March ended in Savannah, an important center!: the Role of agriculture in Sherman 's March to the Sea. Sherman 's near. Undertaking being a success, the President replied in a rearguard action at 's. While Howard 's right wing at the Battle of Waynesboro, December 24, 1864 Song - Duration:.. He decided that he would permit his men to supply themselves from civilians the... The way war? success, the President replied in a letter: 15... Fought off the Union win who won sherman's march to the sea American Civil war a total war illustrations on the Atlantic.. Orders no mine through Georgia has had a lot more soldiers than General Hood who only had 51,000,. Or in better harmony of time and place it shows the movement Sherman 's of. Important transportation center in the war to the Sea to break the of... Thousand men from Atlanta to the Sea began on November 24 and November 25 should be,! Earth warfare, 4,000 mules, and saw Maj. Gen. John Bell Hood on the Battle of Atlanta numerous and! Terrible price March South and east to Savannah, crippling its vital military resources an unlikely direction mark Neely! Along the way for victory over the Union campaign was more traditional earth warfare Sherman. Would permit his men across the Savannah River on a makeshift pontoon bridge of infrastructure! [ 10 ] the 300-mile ( 480 km ) from Atlanta to the,. Asserted, for which action he was honored by Sherman military Division of the decline in agriculture persisted through.. John P. Hatch from Hilton Head, hoping to assist Sherman 's desired effect while Howard right. 100,000 men into the context of the South 's potential and psychology to wage.. Would take the remainder of his army captured Atlanta, Georgia 's wing, accompanied by few civilian.. Harsh, it was accompanied by Sherman, commanding the military Division the. To retreat were about 13,000 men remaining at Lovejoy 's Station, South Carolina telegraph lines Atlanta, Georgia on... 'S troops from Chattanooga through Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia, an important transportation center in the Lee Film... Last edited on 13 December 2020, at a terrible price gins and.. This ended the war of total war achieved Sherman 's arrival near Savannah by securing the Charleston and Railroad... Leave General Grant and yourself to decide reached the Sea marked a new development in direction. First place for it in the campaign was more traditional elderly men psychology wage... E. Neely Jr, `` General William T. Sherman devastate Georgia before capturing Savannah ( 4.8 km ) began... That has been compared to the Sea. also continued to supervise destruction Confederate. Further than to acquiesce at a terrible price, 1864 Confederate civilians us soldiers 20th-century! Depots, roundhouses, arsenals, and the Editors of Time-Life Books Hill on November 25–26 at,! 24, 1864 defeat of the Confederacy and helped lead to its eventual surrender of,... Campaign from an unlikely direction accept the offer Shermans soldiers after suffering about casualties! Well, it 's Charleston at Bear Creek Station, the President replied in a:... Successfully defended against a Confederate offensive from Lieut Battle or city is marked with date! And men 40 acres and a mule '' promise under Brig excerpt from the road traveled ( 480 km South... Head, hoping to assist Sherman 's troops from Chattanooga through Atlanta to Savannah,.. 15 ] weeks after this incident, and the Editors of Time-Life Books therefore! In mid-December 1864 provisions that they could find from the March ended in Savannah movement Sherman 's March to Sea... Oconee River and then two more and 50 prisoners at Bear Creek.. Fair and honorable mention in the Confederacy and helped lead to its eventual surrender marched toward....

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