Members of the newly arrived 1st Cavalry Division and elements of the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment were sent out to retake them. He said he was talking to friends on a busy street, when the blast occurred. This report is part of the RAND Corporation research report series. at the 2008 Battle of Sadr City between the militia of radical Shi’ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr and the military forces of Iraq and the US conducting the operation in concert. But as the saying goes, the enemy gets a vote…and Muqtada al-Sadr’s vote came at the end of March, when he unleashed an hourly barrage of rocket, mortar, IED, RPG, and gunfire attacks on the Green Zone and units in the area. the real world. Some might say that we had reached “steady-state operations,” and a routine of stability. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School, by David E. Johnson, M. Wade Markel, Brian Shannon. He has been a student of leadership for two decades and designed The Military Leader to help other leaders develop themselves and grow their organizations. The resulting month-long fight ultimately reduced the Sadr militia’s combat power and a new 2.4 km wall across the city prevented them from affecting key coalition bases. We were given the job of driving up and down the roads in our very heavy armored vehicles. Calibre is an example of a free and open source e-book library management application. This new paradigm can help the Army focus on what capabilities it will need in the future for such operations. We had regular meetings with local leaders and enemy attacks were very low. In a matter of hours, the tactical situation in Sadr City shifted from low to high-intensity, with engagements akin to the Black Hawk Down depiction of Mogadishu in 1993. The views expressed on this site do not officially represent the views of the US military or the United States Government. Your email address will not be published. Even as American and Iraqi troops are fighting to establish control of the Sadr City section of this capital, the Iraqi government's program to restore basic services like electricity, sewage and trash collection is lagging, jeopardizing the effort to win over the area's wary residents. Six years this month, such a “new fate” arrived in Sadr City, Iraq. Six years this month, such a “new fate” arrived in Sadr City, Iraq. In 2008, Lt. Col. MacMillan was serving as the battalion operations officer of 1-68 Armor in 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division. Stahl, Leslie, "The Battle of Sadr City," 60 Minutes, October 12, 2008. It was also one of vast importance to future policy and leadership. Johnson, David E., M. Wade Markel, and Brian Shannon, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, Family Caregivers Should Be Integrated into the Health Care Team, Allies Growing Closer: Japan-Europe Security Ties in the Age of Strategic Competition, A Message from Our President, Medical Mistrust, Insulin Prices: RAND Weekly Recap, Benefits and Applications of a Standardized Definition of High-Quality Care, A Bell That Can't Be Unrung: The CARES Act and Unemployment Insurance, Patients Log On to See Their Own Doctors During the Pandemic, Getting to Know Military Caregivers and Their Needs, Helping Coastal Communities Plan for Climate Change, Improving Psychological Wellbeing and Work Outcomes in the UK. The leader of the uprising offered a cease-fire, though many individuals kept fighting. Sadr and his political movement have become increasingly isolated since the fighting began in Basrah, Baghdad, and the South. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. The Iraqi Army enjoyed increasing success in conducting operations on its own. As the fighting started on April 4, 2004, militiamen ambushed a 1st Cavalry Division patrol and Iraqi policewere expelled from three police stations in Sadr City. The digital map erupted red icons all over the city as our units tried to get a handle on the emerging situation. However, the coalition's defeat of Jaish al-Mahdi after six weeks of high-intensity fighting offers important lessons for the U.S. Army as it prepares for future operations. Further information: Iraq spring fighting of 2008 and Siege of Sadr City In March 2008, during the Battle of Basra , clashes erupted in Sadr City between the U.S. and the Mahdi Army . From the Soldiers on the street to the Commanding General, the dramatic change in the tactical landscape demanded mental agility, measured emotional response, and poised leadership. On March 28, the US overseer of Iraq, Paul Bremer, ordered the 60-day closure of Al-Hawza, a newspaper published by Muqtada al-Sadr’s group, on the charges of inciting violence against the occupation. However, insurgents still enjoyed considerable freedom of movement making allied forces vulnerable to attack from unsecured portions of Sadr City. We had regular meetings with local leaders and enemy attacks were very low. The enemy had achieved surprise and units were sustaining casualties. The Military Leader is hosted by an Army Infantry officer with 20 years experience and four deployments to Iraq/Afghanistan. Technical capabilities must enable decentralized decisionmaking and small-unit initiative. To transfer its loyalties to the public and private sectors perspective of the most popular for! 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